A Sound engineer, also referred to as an audio technician or recording engineer, assembles, operates and maintains the technical equipment used to record, amplify, mix or reproduce sound. They identify the sound requirements for a given task or situation and perform the appropriate actions to produce this sound.
Sound engineers work in a number of industries including film, broadcasting (television or radio), live performances (music, theatre, dance), audio recording or in the gaming industry.
The specific responsibilities and tasks carried out by a sound technician will vary according to the sector. Their roles can be split into two categories: production, where they are responsible for the recording of all sounds on set or on location or in post-production, where they are in charge of the balancing, mixing, editing, and enhancing or pre-recorded audio.
They key roles of sound engineers include:
- Assessing the acoustics of the performance area and assembling the necessary equipment.
- Good communication skills to consult producers and performers to determine sound requirements.
- Applying the technical knowledge of sound recording equipment to achieve the determined objectives.
- Specialised IT knowledge to integrate the pre-recorded audio with visual context, and to re-record and synchronise audio (post-synching)
- Working under pressure and able to anticipate and correct any problems and maintain and repair the sound equipment.
- Able to work within a team and follow instructions precisely and correctly.