Hereford (population 56,000) is a cathedral city located on the banks of the River Wye in Herefordshire, equidistant from Worcester and Gloucester. Hereford's Mappa Mundi, a 13th century map of the then-known world, helped put the city on the historical map.
Hereford is mainly recognised economically as the trading centre of a larger rural area, particularly for agriculture. Famous for its cider and beer, the city's major employers include Bulmers Cider, Weston Cider, and several beer breweries. The local economy also centres on metals and manufacturing, especially related to the food industry. Hereford is well known in agricultural circles for its Hereford breed of cattle.
The surrounding countryside of Herefordshire provides countless outdoor opportunities: walking and hiking trails, wine tastings at local vineyards, kayak river tours, and more. Hereford itself has a wealth of heritage attractions, including 12th century Hereford Cathedral (where the aforementioned Mappa Mundi is still kept) and the spectacularly preserved 17th-century black-and-white Old House, open for tours daily.
Regular rail services go from Hereford to Gloucester, Worcester, Birmingham, London, Manchester, and south Wales.
Seventeenth-century actress Nell Gwynne (famous for her position as mistress of King Charles II) and modern pop singer Ellie Goulding were both born in Hereford.