Urology is a specialised branch of medicine focusing on urinary problems in men and women as well as reproductive issues in men. Problems with kidneys, bladder, adrenal glands and more are a Urologists speciality in what is considered one of the most competitive areas of medicine.
Surgeons and Doctors will have a broad range of knowledge depending on their focus. For example, an oncological focus will have a surgical approach, while kidney stones are managed with the help of constantly evolving medical technology. There's also quite a bit of cross over and collaboration with other areas of medicine to diagnose and treat.
In addition to earning a medical degree, Urologists will go through two years of paid training followed by another two years of hospital-based core training. Lastly, five years of specialised Urology-focused practice will hone skills. Nurses and lab technicians with a urology focus will also require extensive training, though less than an MD.
In addition to patient care and surgical proceeders, research can also be a worthwhile path in Urology. This field is at the cutting edge of new equipment small enough to see the problem and large enough to fix it. Urologists are also fortunate to have a bit more flexibility in their schedules compared to other areas of surgery once they are fully trained, mainly due to the lack of urological emergencies.